Regional Names

Afrikaans: Vlakvark French: Phacochère
German: Warzenschwein Portuguese: Javali africano
Nama: Dirib Shangaan: Honci
Sotho: Kolobe Spanish: Facóquero
Shona: Njiri Swahili: Ngiri
Tswana: Kolobe Xhosa: iNgulube
Zulu: iNtibane
Average Body Dimensions Trophy Dimensions
Average male mass: 185 lb (85 kg) Rowland Ward Minimum: 13” (33cm) : Method-6
Average shoulder height 2.2’ (0,65m) Rowland Ward Record: 24” (61cm)
Spoor size front: 1.7” (45mm) SCI Minimum (): 29 / SCI Record (Rifle) 49¹⁰⁄₁₆ : Method-4
Spoor size rear: 1.8” (47mm) SCI Minimum (Bow): 26 / SCI Record (Bow) 44²⁄₁₆


Throughout sub-Saharan except in the coastal regions of the Bulge of Africa, the tip of the of Africa, the Congo Basin and southern Botswana, southern and southern South Africa.

Sexual Dimorphism

Boars are larger than sows and have two pairs of warts, whereas sows have only one pair of warts.


Habitat & Food

Open grassland and woodland in the proximity of water and shade lying lower than about 9,850 ft (3000 m). They penetrate semi-arid marginal habitats along wooded water courses with permanent water. They eat grass and roots/rhizomes, berries and fruits. New growths are favoured. Warthog are particularly sensitive to drought and subject to high mortality during dry spells.



Warthogs are mainly diurnal. At night they occupy hijacked burrows originally excavated by other species, but will occasionally dig their and or forage in the dark when required. Sounders consist of the sow and 1-3 piglets of the latest litter. Boars leave the sounder at the age of about two years and go solitary or form loose bachelor group associations. Boars are not territorial, but mix with sow sounders when a sow is in heat and then fight vigorously for mating rights.

* Read more in Game Animals of the World by Chris & Tilde Stuart


Hunting tips

Warthog often drink at midday. Taking up a fresh spoor in the early afternoon offers possibilities. Alternatively feeding areas have to be found and watched.

Rifle and Cartridge Recommendations

Bolt Action Rifles: Any decent bolt action rifle will do. So will single shot rifles. Moderate velocity, reasonably compact combinations are recommended.


Double Rifles: There is no need for a double rifle when impala hunting

Bullets: Opt for premium bonded core bullets if muzzle velocities exceed about 2,700 fps (±825 ms).


Typical Cartridges: Combinations delivering less than 2,800 fps are preferred to counter bullet fragmentation and venison damage. For trophy hunting faster cartridges can be used provided sturdy bullets are opted for.


.243 Winchester 100-gr bullets
.250-3000 Savage 120-gr bullets
.257 Roberts 120-gr bullets
6.5 x 55mm Swedish 160-gr bullets
.260 Remington 160-gr bullets
7mm-08 175-gr bullets
7 x 57mm Mauser 175-gr bullets

* Read more in African Medium Bore Cartridges by Pierre van der Walt