A.k.a Cape springbok, Southern Springbok, South African Springbok (SCI)

Regional Names

Afrikaans: Springbok French: Springbok (antidorcas)
German: Springbok Portuguese: Os sul-africanos
Nama: Gûb Shangaan: n/a
Sotho: Thsephe Spanish: Gacela saltarena
Shona: n/a Swahili: n/a
Tswana: Tshêphê Xhosa: iBhadi
Zulu: iNsephe
Average Body Dimensions Trophy Dimensions
Average male mass: 90 lb (40 kg) Rowland Ward Minimum: 14” (35,5cm) : Method-7
Average shoulder height 2.5’ (0,75m) Rowland Ward Record: 19⅜” (49,2cm)
Spoor size front: 2.2” (55mm) SCI Minimum (Rifle): 30 / SCI Record (Rifle) 48⅜ : Method-4
Spoor size rear: 2.1” (54mm) SCI Minimum (Bow): 27 / SCI Record (Bow) 45⁴⁄₈


Rowland Ward used to differentiate between ‘Typical’ and ‘Western’ specimens up to the 27th edition of its record book, but dropped it from the 28th edition due to race demarcation impossibility. Safari Club International distinguishes between the races/colour variations below:

Angolan springbok SCI Minimum (Rifle): 34 / SCI Record (Rifle) 39⅞
(angolensis) SCI Minimum (Bow): 25 / SCI Record (Bow) n/a
Black springbok SCI Minimum (Rifle): 30⅜ / SCI Record (Rifle) 47⅞
(marsupialis) SCI Minimum (Bow): 23 / SCI Record (Bow) 40
Copper springbok SCI Minimum (Rifle): 0 / SCI Record (Rifle) 43⅝
(marsupialis) SCI Minimum (Bow): 27 / SCI Record (Bow) 38
Kalahari springbok SCI Minimum (Rifle): 35 / SCI Record (Rifle) 52⁴⁄₈
(hofmeyri) SCI Minimum (Bow): 33 / SCI Record (Bow) 44⅝
White springbok SCI Minimum (Rifle): 28 / SCI Record (Rifle) 43⁴⁄₈
(marsupialis) SCI Minimum (Bow): 20 / SCI Record (Bow) 38⅜


Endemic to South Africa, Botswana and Namibia and that explains lack of a name for it amongst the more northern and eastern African tribes. Marginally into the arid south-western coastal tip of Angola just north of the Kunene River mouth.


Springbok are gregarious. They normally live in small herds but there were massive migrations until the rinderpest of the late 1800’s. The herds may contain rams and ewes, but bachelor herds are common, as are solitary rams. In open areas of Botswana and Namibia herd movement relating to rainfall and new plant growth occurs. Rams are territorial during rut, but territory holding is short-lived whereafter other rams circulate freely through the herds. They also feed during the cooler hours and lie up during hot midday hours. Shade in typical springbok habitat is scarce, so it merely constitutes energy preservation and avoiding overheating.

* Read more in Game Animals of the World by Chris & Tilde Stuart

Hunting tips

Springbok are often ambush-hunted or driven to the hunter as approaching them in the sparse cover of their natural habitat rarely proves successful unless the hunter is patient and exploits dead ground and the little available cover wisely. Take up a reasonably elevated position and provide your own shade by means of a camouflage rig or similar item. It is important to mark ranges or carry a range-finder. Springbok are relatively small and range compensation must be precise. Flat-shooting high velocity cartridges with high BC bullets are recommended. Riflescope reticules should be fine as shots can extend to 400 yards, although generally about half that. Rifle rests or bi-pods are recommended. Wind can be a problem, so very small calibres otherwise well-suited to springbok hunting should at times be shunned.

Sexual Dimorphism

Ewes are of slighter build and normally have thinner horns than rams from the same area.

Habitat & Food

Open arid plains with grass or low scrub. Will drink when water is available, but largely independent of water.

Rifle and Cartridge Recommendations

Bolt Action Rifles: Due to the general high accuracy levels required of springbok hunting only bolt action rifles are recommended.

Bullets: Opt for high ballistic coefficient bullets suitably constructed for antelope hunting. Be careful not to use varmint bullets.

Typical Cartridges:

.22-250 Remington 50-gr bullets
.220 Swift 50-gr bullets
.243 Winchester 85-gr bullets
.240 Weatherby Magnum 85-gr bullets
.25-06 Remington 100-gr bullets
.257 Weatherby Magnum 100-gr bullets
6,5 x 68mm RWS 120-gr bullets
.264 Winchester Magnum 120-gr bullets

* Read more in African Medium Bore Cartridges by Pierre van der Walt