|Afrikaans: Rooibok||French: Impala|
|German: Impala||Portuguese: Impala|
|Nama: Arab||Shangaan: Mhala|
|Sotho: Phala||Spanish: Impala|
|Shona: Mhara||Swahili: Swala Pala|
|Tswana: Phala||Xhosa: Mpala|
|Average Body Dimensions||Trophy Dimensions|
|Average male mass: 143 lb (65 kg)||Rowland Ward Minimum: 23⅝” (60cm) Method-7|
|Average shoulder height||3.0’ (0,90m) Rowland Ward Record: 30⅞” (78,4cm)|
|Spoor size front: 1.9” (47mm)||SCI Minimum (Rifle): 52 / SCI Record (Rifle) 69⁶⁄₈ : Method-1|
|Spoor size rear: 1.8” (46mm)||SCI Minimum (Bow): 46 / SCI Record (Bow) 69|
Major populations in Angola (black-faced), Botswana, Kenya, Mozambique (Southern variety in south and East African in north) Namibia (black-faced in north and Southern variety in Caprivi Zipfel), South Africa, Tanzania (East African variety), Zambia and Zimbabwe with few other minor East African variety populations in places such as Uganda around Lake Victoria.
Impala are gregarious diurnal animals living in herds of 20 – 100. During rut dominant rams become territorial and separate harem herds of 15-20 ewes. A lot of male vocalisation and fighting occur during this period. The harems herds reunite with the main breeding herd after the rut and the breeding and bachelor herds can then be clearly distinguished, with the latter circulating away from the breeding territories.
* Read more in Game Animals of the World by Chris & Tilde Stuart
Seek the dominant male towards the back of the herd or find a bachelor herd and look for a truly mature old ram. Shots will general be less than 75 yards. The impala may be a lightweight, but pound for pound it is a tough animal that gets up from a poor shot or incorrect bullet.
Males have lyrate horns. Females are hornless and smaller.
Habitat & Food
They are mixed feeders that browse and graze but prefer woodland savannah containing Acacia and Mopani with ready access to water.
Rifle and Cartridge Recommendations
Bolt Action Rifles: Any decent bolt action rifle will do. So will single shot rifles. Moderate velocity, reasonably compact combinations are recommended.
Double Rifles: There is no need for a double rifle when impala hunting
Bullets: Opt for premium bonded core bullets if muzzle velocities exceed about 2,700 fps (±825 ms).
Typical Cartridges: Combinations delivering less than 2,800 fps are preferred to counter bullet fragmentation and venison damage. For trophy hunting faster cartridges can be used provided sturdy bullets are opted for.
|.222 Remington||70-gr bullets|
|6 x 45mm Kimber||100-gr bullets|
|.250-3000 Savage||120-gr bullets|
|.257 Roberts||120-gr bullets|
|6.5 x 55mm Swedish||160-gr bullets|
|.260 Remington||160-gr bullets|
|7 x 57mm Mauser||175-gr bullets|
|.308 Winchester||180-gr bullets|
|.303 British||215-gr bullets|
|8 x 57mm Mauser||223-gr bullets|
* Read more in African Medium Bore Cartridges by Pierre van der Walt