Regional Names

Afrikaans: Bosvark French: Potamochère
German: Buschschwein Portuguese: Potamochoerus larvatus
Nama: !Garohagub Shangaan: Khumba
Sotho: Kolobêmoru Spanish: Potamóquero oriental
Shona: Humba Swahili: Nguruwe
Tswana: Kolobê Xhosa: iNgulube
Zulu: Ngulube
Average Body Dimensions Trophy Dimensions
Average male mass: 180 lb (82 kg) Rowland Ward Minimum: 5½” (13,9cm) : Method-5
Average shoulder height 2.4’ (0,72m) Rowland Ward Record: 11⅞” (30,2cm)
Spoor size front: 2.2” (55mm) SCI Minimum (Rifle): 12 / SCI Record (Rifle) 23⁵⁄₁₆ : Method-4
Spoor size rear: 2.1” (53mm) SCI Minimum (Bow): 9 / SCI Record (Bow) 24¹³⁄₁₆


Ranges widely in the moisture regions of eastern, central and southern Africa in countries such as Botswana, Burundi, DRC (southern), Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe. It is largely absent from the Congo basin dominated by the red river hog, but territories overlap in north-eastern DRC just west of Uganda. In South Africa bushpig are rapidly expanding their range and is now found in previously uninhabited areas.


Bushpig are nocturnal omnivores that dig with their snouts in true pig style. They cause extensive damage to crops and flatten huge areas during a single feeding frenzy. Sounder sizes can reach up to 15 animals controlled by a dominant boar and a dominant sow. On the South African South Coast sounders have home ranges of 2.8 square miles (7,2 km2) and cover 1.9 miles (3 km) during feeding sessions. Boars not part of sounders often operate solitary or in short-lived bachelor groups. Bushpig are quick off the mark, have considerable stamina and are aggressive.

* Read more in Game Animals of the World by Chris & Tilde Stuart

Hunting tips

Depending on the regional legality bushpig can be hunted in one of three deliberate ways. During daylight over a pack of well-trained hounds. Then there is the sitting over baits and last, but not least, the hunting of them at night in their feeding areas. When hunting them at night the rifle has to be equipped with a mounted torch or light. Iron sights need to whitened or of the luminescent type such as Meprolight. Alternatively use reflex (red dot) sights. Night vision equipment provide a massive boost. Shooting occurs at point-blank range and is generally fast and furious. Bushpig often injure their pursuers.

Sexual Dimorphism

Boars are general larger than sows.

Habitat & Food

Occupies a wide range of cover providing habitats below 13,000 ft (4000 m) above sea level with a distinct preference for higher rainfall regions. They occur in most forest and woodland types particularly along water courses in drier areas and consume for roots, bulbs, rhizomes, corms and carrion.

Rifle and Cartridge Recommendations

Shotguns : Compact pump- or semi-automatic 12 gauge shotguns are recommended.

Bolt Action Rifles : Any decent compact bolt action rifle will do.

Lever Action Rifles : Recommended provided they are of at least .44 Magnum (handgun chamberings) or 7mm-08 (rifle chamberings)

Handguns : Revolvers in the .44 Magnum and larger can be used.

Double Rifles : Not recommendedm

Single Shot Rifles : Not recommended

Bullets : Opt for premium bonded core bullets if muzzle velocities exceed about 2,700 fps (±825 ms).

Shotgun Cartridges : 12 gauge ≥SSG / #1 Buck

Rifle Cartridges :

.257 Roberts 120-gr bullets
6.5 x 55mm Swedish 160-gr bullets
.260 Remington 160-gr bullets
7mm-08 175-gr bullets
7 x 57mm Mauser 175-gr bullets
.30-30 Winchester 150-gr bullets
.308 Winchester 180-gr bullets
.303 British 174-gr bullets
Handgun Cartridges:
.357 Maximum 158-gr bullets
.41 Remington Magnum 210-gr bullets
.44 Remington Magnum 240-gr bullets
.454 Casull 300-gr bullets
.460 S&W 250-gr bullets

* Read more in African Medium Bore Cartridges by Pierre van der Walt